The decrease in the number of red blood cells in the human body is called Anemia. The word comes from Greek Anaemia, meaning lack of blood. If the Hemoglobin falls below the normal level, that too, leads to anemia. Anemia is a disease that is most widely seen among women of the third world nations. The hemoglobin molecule binds oxygen with our blood and carries it from the lungs to the tissues. Therefore, if there is a decrease in the count of hemoglobin molecules, there would be a lesser supply of oxygen to the organs of the body. Oxygen is essentially needed by all the organs and all the parts of the body. Therefore, the lack of it can lead to various kinds of health hazards.
One of the prime symptoms is fatigue. Since the body is deprived of the right amount of oxygen that is needed, one suffers from lack of energy. Though fatigue can be a result of many other influences, this surely does lead to extreme fatigue and tiredness. Fatigue, shortness of breath, lightheadedness, fainting, dizziness, chest pain, low blood pressure, paleness of skin etc are the other things that might be the symptoms of anemia. In fact, paleness is one of the prime symptoms of anemia, along with fatigue and tiredness.
Anemia among women of the third world nations: Women have a low content of both iron and Calcium in their bodies and they need regular and proper supplements to stay healthy. In an underdeveloped country, or a third world nation, as they would term it as, there is a lack of proper nutrition and food. As a result, women, who are already low in iron and Calcium content, become vulnerable to contracting anemia. Malaria has been another great cause of Anemia among women in the third world nations. Malaria leads to bloodlessness and that in return leads to Anemia. Anemia has unfortunately become quite a major issue in the third world countries and medical practitioners and nutritionists, etc have been doing lots of research work on the issue and have been trying to find a possible solution to it.